Taking the necessary measures to maintain employees’ safety, we continue to operate and accept samples for analysis. History, anthropology, and archaeology are three distinct but closely related bodies of knowledge that tell man of his present by virtue of his past. Historians can tell what cultures thrived in different regions and when they disintegrated. Archaeologists, on the other hand, provide proof of authenticity of a certain artifact or debunk historical or anthropological findings. Studying the material remains of past human life and activities may not seem important or exciting to the average Joe unlike the biological sciences. It is in knowing what made past cultures cease to exist that could provide the key in making sure that history does not repeat itself. Over the years, archaeology has uncovered information about past cultures that would have been left unknown had it not been with the help of such technologies as radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology , archaeomagnetic dating, fluoride dating, luminescence dating, and obsidian hydration analysis, among others. Radiocarbon dating has been around for more than 50 years and has revolutionized archaeology. Carbon 14 dating remains to be a powerful, dependable and widely applicable technique that is invaluable to archaeologists and other scientists. The unstable and radioactive carbon 14, called radiocarbon, is a naturally occurring isotope of the element carbon.

The History of Scouting

Deepwater Horizon oil spill , also called Gulf of Mexico oil spill , largest marine oil spill in history, caused by an April 20, , explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig—located in the Gulf of Mexico , approximately 41 miles 66 km off the coast of Louisiana —and its subsequent sinking on April The Deepwater Horizon rig, owned and operated by offshore-oil-drilling company Transocean and leased by oil company BP , was situated in the Macondo oil prospect in the Mississippi Canyon, a valley in the continental shelf.

The oil well over which it was positioned was located on the seabed 4, feet 1, metres below the surface and extended approximately 18, feet 5, metres into the rock. On the night of April 20 a surge of natural gas blasted through a concrete core recently installed by contractor Halliburton in order to seal the well for later use. It later emerged through documents released by Wikileaks that a similar incident had occurred on a BP-owned rig in the Caspian Sea in September Both cores were likely too weak to withstand the pressure because they were composed of a concrete mixture that used nitrogen gas to accelerate curing.

paleontologists think that this happened about , BP, in eastern Africa. One reason supporting this approximate date is that today the genetic differences.

All sectors in the index produced positive gains, with the exception of the troubled energy sector which fell 3. The market was led by consumer discretionary, materials and utilities. Value continued to lag the core and growth indices, gaining 2. The fund does not apply an active currency policy, currency exposure is driven by security selection. In principle the fund distributes dividend four times a year. The fund’s policy aims at realizing as the maximum possible capital growth within the pre-set risk limits.

A high dividend return is therefore not a separate objective. For Robeco BP Global Premium Equities, ESG factors are qualitatively considered on an individual basis in the fundamental analysis but are not structurally integrated in the investment process. We seek out attractive valuation, quality businesses, and positive business momentum. The portfolio will always exhibit these characteristics as the portfolio manager can invest in the largest possible universe. This wholly-owned U. Robeco subsidiary specializes in value-biased equity investing and boasts an excellent reputation.

Boston Partners’ investment policy is well known for its unique combination of value-oriented investing, thorough internal research and careful risk management.

Big Era Two

The initials BP or bp and rarely B. While BP is also used generally as an imprecise estimate of an age of an object or event, the use of it in science was made necessary by the quirks of the radiocarbon methodology. Radiocarbon dating was invented in the late ‘s, and within a few decades, it was discovered that while the dates retrieved from the method have a sound, repeatable progression, they are not a one-to-one match with calendar years. Most importantly, researchers discovered that radiocarbon dates are affected by the amount of carbon in the atmosphere, which has fluctuated greatly in the past for both natural and human-caused reasons such as the invention of iron smelting , the Industrial Revolution , and the invention of the combustion engine.

Tree rings , which keep a record of the amount of carbon in the atmosphere when they are created, are used to calibrate or fine-tune radiocarbon dates to their calendar dates. Scholars use the science of dendrochronology, which matches those annular rings to known carbon fluctuations.

BP’s economics team estimate that much of the rise in energy growth last year can many of which grew more strongly than their recent historical averages. Prices for are by coal price publication date, by coal price.

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In almost all archaeology books and articles the authors use dates. This is the Christian era in the Gregorian calendar, starting from 1 AD as the year in which Christ was believed to have been born. The date was calculated about years after the event, so was a broad estimate. If lower case letters are used, this often means that the date is based on an uncalibrated radiocarbon date see below for date calibrations. Battle of Hastings was in CE. First used almost years ago, it has become especially popular from the late twentieth century to emphasise secularism or sensitivity to non-Christians.

Typically, you might receive a date of years BP (before present). Here are some of the most common absolute dating methods. Amino acid dating.

We use cookies to collect and analyse information on our site’s performance and to enable the site to function. Cookies also allow us and our partners to show you relevant ads when you visit our site and other 3rd party websites, including social networks. We are proud of our partnership with the Egyptian government over the past 57 years. Our continuing investments in the country, including West Nile Delta, Atoll and in Zohr, are laying the foundations for growth for BP in Egypt well into the future.

We remain on track to triple our net production from Egypt by BP is also committed to a wide-ranging social investment programme focused on education, training, and skills development. BP operates the West Nile Delta project. The first phase of the five-field development project, Taurus Libra, began production in March and the second phase, Giza Fayoum, began production in February The final stage, developing the Raven field, is expected to begin production by the end of Total gas production from WND is expected to potentially reach up to 1.

All the gas produced will be fed into the national gas grid. In , PhPC brought the field into production, well within the target budget and eight months ahead of schedule. Atoll is producing around 0. Castrol Egypt Lubricants S.

Chronology: Tools and Methods for Dating Historical and Ancient Deposits, Inclusions, and Remains

He lived a busy and adventurous life, and as a boy spent much of his spare time in open-air pursuits, hunting in the woods, and joining his brothers in expeditions by land and in their boats. Thus he developed his powers of observation and resourcefulness and acquired many useful skills. He won a scholarship which gave him entry into the British Army, where he was sent to India and served for many years.

Radiocarbon dating also referred to as radiocarbon dating or carbon dating is a Before Present BP years is a time scale used mainly in archaeology, geology or historiography, as in the chronometric eras in the history of a given monarchy,​.

Radiocarbon dating: radioactive carbon decays to nitrogen with a half-life of years. In dead material, the decayed 14C is not replaced and its concentration in the object decreases slowly. To obtain a truly absolute chronology, corrections must be made, provided by measurements on samples of know age. The most suitable types of sample for radiocarbon dating are charcoal and well-preserved wood, although leather, cloth, paper, peat, shell and bone can also be used.

Because of the somewhat short half-life of 14C, radiocarbon dating is not applicable to samples with ages greater than about 50, years, because the remaining concentration would be too small for accurate measurement. Thermoluminescence dating: this method is associated with the effect of the high energy radiation emitted as a result of the decay or radioactive impurities. Because of the half-lives of U, nd, and 40K are very long, their concentrations in the object, and hence the radiation dose they provide per year, have remained fairly constant.

The most suitable type of sample for thermoluminescence dating is pottery, though the date gotten will be for the last time the object was fired. Application of this method of age determination is limited to those periods of pottery and fired clay availability from about BC to the present.

BP: How Do Archaeologists Count Backward Into the Past?

Mediterranean Early Iron Age chronology was mainly constructed by means of Greek Protogeometric and Geometric ceramic wares, which are widely used for chronological correlations with the Aegean. However, Greek Early Iron Age chronology that is exclusively based on historical evidence in the eastern Mediterranean as well as in the contexts of Greek colonisation in Sicily has not yet been tested by extended series of radiocarbon dates from well-dated stratified contexts in the Aegean.

Due to the high chronological resolution that is only achievable by metric-scale stratigraphic 14 C-age-depth modelling, the analysis of 21 14 C-AMS dates on stratified animal bones from Sindos northern Greece shows results that immediately challenge the conventional Greek chronology. Based on pottery-style comparisons with other sites, the new dates for Sindos not only indicate a generally higher Aegean Early Iron Age chronology, but also imply the need for a revised understanding of the Greek periodisation system that will foreseeably have a major impact on our understanding of Greek and Mediterranean history.

Find the latest BP p.l.c. (BP) stock quote, history, news and other vital information to help you with your stock trading and Ex-Dividend Date, Aug 13,

We continually revise our forecasts over time as new information becomes available. Each dividend will have several forecasts, all of which are shown above. See all our forecast accuracy stats. Access our BP plc dividend forecasts and the suite of investor tools free for 30 days. BP is one of the worlds largest oil companies. It started it’s major expansion into a truly global player with the acquisitions of US concerns Amoco and Atlantic Richfield.

More geared to oil production and exploration than its main rivals. BP formally had a highly progressive dividend policy, but this was affected badly by the gulf of Mexico oil spill. This caused the company to suspend it’s dividend for three quarters. Market Cap. Dividend Cover. Dividend Yield Today. Optimized Yield. BP today announced a quarterly dividend of 5.

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